Why is understanding culture important if we are community builders? What kind of cultural community can you envision for yourself? As community builders, understanding culture is our business. No matter where you live, you are working with and establishing relationships with people--people who all have cultures.
Multiculturalism involves not only claims of identity and culture as some critics of multiculturalism suggest. It is also a matter of economic interests and political power: Yet multicultural claims include a wide range of claims involving religion, language, ethnicity, nationality, and race.
Culture is a contested, open-ended concept, and all of these categories have been subsumed by or equated with the concept of culture. Disaggregating and distinguishing among different types of claims can clarify what is at stake Song Language and religion are at the heart of many claims for cultural accommodation by immigrants.
The key claim made by minority nations is for self-government rights. Race has a more limited role in multicultural discourse. Antiracism and multiculturalism are distinct but related ideas: Claims for recognition in the context of multicultural education are demands not just for recognition of aspects of a group's actual culture e.
African American art and literature but also for acknowledgment of the history of group subordination and its concomitant experience Gooding-Williams When the Multicultural perspective and diversity is the group, the right may protect group rules that restrict the freedom of individual members, as in the case of the Pueblo membership rule that excludes the children of women who marry outside the group.
Now that you have a sense of the kinds of claims that have been made in the name of multiculturalism, we can now turn to consider different normative justifications for these claims. Liberals tend to be ethical individualists; they insist that individuals should be free to choose and pursue their own conceptions of the good life.
They give primacy to individual rights and liberties over community life and collective goods.
Some liberals are also individualists when it comes to social ontology what some call methodological individualism or atomism. Methodological individualists believe that you can and should account for social actions and social goods in terms of the properties of the constituent individuals and individual goods.
The target of the communitarian critique of liberalism is not so much liberal ethics as liberal social ontology. Communitarians reject the idea that the individual is prior to the community and that the value of social goods can be reduced to their contribution to individual well-being.
Because our identities are formed dialogically, we are dependent on the recognition of others. The absence of recognition or mis-recognition can cause serious injury: He discusses the example of the survival of French culture in Quebec.
The French language is not merely a collective resource that individuals might want to make use of and thereby seek to preserve, as suggested by a politics of equal respect. Instead, the French language is an irreducibly collective good that itself deserves to be preserved: Because of the indispensable role of cultures in the development human agency and identity, Taylor argues, we should adopt the presumption of the equal worth of all cultures Will Kymlicka has developed the most influential liberal theory of multiculturalism by marrying the liberal values of autonomy and equality with an argument about the value of cultural membership, Rather than beginning with intrinsically valuable collective goals and goods as Taylor does, Kymlicka views cultures as instrumentally valuable to individuals, for two main reasons.
First, cultural membership is an important condition of personal autonomy. In his later book, Multicultural CitizenshipKymlicka drops the Rawlsian scaffolding, relying instead on the work of Avishai Margalit and Joseph Raz on national self-determination One important condition of autonomy is having an adequate range of options from which to choose Raz Cultures serve as "contexts of choice," which provide meaningful options and scripts with which people can frame, revise, and pursue their goals KymlickaA multicultural perspective takes into consideration the specific values, beliefs, and actions influenced by a client’s ethnicity, gender, religion, socioeconomic status, political views, sexual orientation, physical abilities, geographic region, and historical experiences with the dominant culture.
Multicultural Perspective and Diversity Values and the Helping Relationship Multicultural Perspectives and Diversity Issues The difference between values and morals are not always clear. Certain values are universal, but this does not mean that they are absolute.
Perspectives on Diversity. Perspectives on Diversity The United States today is a society struggling with its own grupobittia.com have been and still are many perspectives on how we as a society should come together and interact with others of different races, cultures and ethnic groups.
The Anglo Conformity Perspective views the values, norms and standards of the United States as an extension. Nurturing diversity means making multicultural education a process of action, through which we as adults achieve clarity about our condition in this society and ways to change it (Phillips, ).
Teachers and parents can take several approaches to integrate and develop a multicultural perspective. The idea of multiculturalism in contemporary political discourse and in political philosophy is about how to understand and respond to the challenges associated with cultural and religious diversity.
Teaching with a multicultural perspective encourages appreciation and understanding of other cultures as well as one's own. Teaching with this perspective promotes the child's sense of the uniqueness of his own culture as a positive characteristic and enables the child to accept the uniqueness of the cultures of others.